Contribution to the Study of the Health Status of Dairy Farms in the Doukkala Region– Morocco: Case of Brucellosis

Najat Ariri, Mannani Nysrine, Aboukhassib Hamid, Bitar Abdelali


Our study focuses on describing the zootechnical characteristics of dairy cattle farms and conducting serological research on brucellosis in ruminants. To this end, a survey was conducted in 119 dairy farms, collecting 363 serum samples from March to December 2022. The study was carried out in the Doukkala region, within the province of El Jadida and Sidi Bennour, Morocco. The results indicate that 90.8 % of operators are owners with 37.8 % having no formal education. The cattle population consists of 67.8 % crossbreed and 31.4 % imported breed. A significant proportion of cows are purchased from the souk (57.5 %). The proportion of cows with a history of abortion is higher (p=0.01) in crossbreed cattle than in the imported breed. Notably, only 10.2 % of farmers are aware of bovine brucellosis. The detection of brucellosis was carried out using the Rose of Bengal test on serum samples collected from the blood. The study revealed a low rate of brucellosis cases (0.8 %) in a sample of 363 cows. This is attributed to the previous enforcement of health and hygiene measures by dairy farms. However, the lack of education and awareness about this disease and the importance of hygiene in dairy production could pose risks to production and consumer safety.


Dairy farming; Investigations; Brucellosis; Doukkala; Cattle

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